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The nature versus nurture debate in the beauty realm is what propels the overconsumption of cosmetics and keeps us second-guessing our skincare regimes.

Sometimes, even with the most elaborate beauty routines or healthy diets, our skin can’t seem to get better. Unfortunately, the culprit behind problem skin isn’t something we can identify in plain sight – that’s because our skin condition is largely determined by our genetics.

That’s right, what you inherit from both of your parents may be what is causing all your skin woes right now. And so, in order to holistically perform effective counter care measures, you have to understand these three determining factors and that starts internally.

Genes that affect your skin

There are three genes that influence the quality of your skin: MMP1, GPX, and SOD2. Your unique genetic makeup is responsible for your susceptibility to certain skin ailments like forming wrinkles or getting dark spots.

Here’s a quick look at the three genes and how they can affect your skin:

1. MMP1 gene

Matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP1) is the gene related to the lowering tension and elasticity of the skin due to the loss of collagen. This affects your susceptibility to premature ageing of the skin’s epidermis which forms wrinkles.

2. GPX gene

Glutathione peroxidase (GPX) is the gene associated with spots and pigmentation that forms with oxidative damage. This influences your susceptibility to attain dark spots.

3. SOD2 gene

Superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) is the gene related to the production of antioxidants inside the body. This influences your ability to produce antioxidants.

Skin types based on your genes

Upon the analysis of your variation of these genes, there are different skin types you could be classified into which helps you make more targeted skincare decisions.

1. Type 1

If you have Type 1 skin, you have the standard ability to maintain skin tension and elasticity and standard enzyme activity internally.

You are generally not affected by the aforementioned three skin-related genes. However, care must be taken with environmental factors especially regarding exposure to UV rays and active oxygen. Make sure to regularly exfoliate as well as apply moisturiser and sunscreen.

2. Type 2

People with Type 2 skin are not able to maintain skin tension and elasticity well as they tend to break down collagen faster, thus forming more wrinkles.

If you have this skin type, beware of UV rays that prompt sagging and the formation of wrinkles. Make sure you apply and reapply sunscreen throughout the day for extra protection.

3. Type 3

Type 3 skin suggests that you have weak enzyme activity within the body. This means that your skin is more prone to forming dark spots as it receives more oxidative stress.

If you have this skin type, look for antioxidant-rich skincare or foods that will help to mitigate and brighten hyperpigmentation.

4. Type 4

People with Type 4 skin have a combination of Type 2 and 3 as they have a lower ability to maintain skin tension and elasticity and poor enzyme activity within the body.

With this Type 4 skin, it means you are susceptible to wrinkles and dark spots. You have to apply sunscreen regularly and add antioxidants to your skincare and diet.

How to determine your skin type

If you’re dying to find out what skin type you’re categorised under, GeneLife offers a genetic testing kit that you can use to test your DNA from the comfort of your home!

As part of Genesis Healthcare Asia, a leading Asian biotechnology firm specialising in genetic research and testing, GeneLife utilises state-of-the-art technologies to accurately and securely analyse your DNA.

Source: GeneLife

The GeneLife SKIN kit will identify the genetic makeup of the three genes to reveal your skin’s traits and help you work towards a more targeted skincare routine. On top of that, you will also receive insights into the recommended nutrient and food intake or lifestyle habits based on your results.

How it works:

  1. Place your order on the website
  2. When you receive the test kit at your doorstep, register your account and kit
  3. Collect your saliva sample by following the step-by-step instructions
  4. Submit your sample in the envelope provided
  5. Access your report via the GeneLife app within four to six weeks

GeneLife SKIN is priced at S$89 on GeneLife’s website. And for you loyal DV readers, use our exclusive discount code DVANITYM to enjoy 15% off!

Featured Image Credits: xFrame.io